Former Fellow, 2002-2003
University of Toronto
While at LAPA
Ran Hirschl is an assistant professor of political science at the University of Toronto. His primary areas of interest are comparative public law, constitutional rights, and judicial politics. He holds a bachelor's, master's, and an LL.B. from Tel-Aviv University, as well as a master of arts, master of philosophy, and a Ph.D. from Yale University. He has published extensively on comparative constitutional law and politics in journals such as Law & Social Inquiry, Comparative Politics, Human Rights Quarterly, American Journal of Comparative Law, University of Richmond Law Review, Stanford Journal of International Law, and Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence; as well as in several acclaimed edited volumes. While at Yale and at the University of Toronto he received several fellowships and awards, including a Fulbright Scholar nomination and a Canada Social Science and Humanities Research Council Grant. While at Princeton, he will be completing a book entitled Towards Juristocracy: A Comparative Inquiry into the Origins and Consequences of the New Constitutionalism (Harvard University Press).
Ran Hirschl is Professor of Political Science and Law at the University of Toronto, where he holds a senior Canada Research Chair in Constitutionalism, Democracy & Development. He completed his B.A., LL.B., and M.A. at Tel-Aviv University, and received his M.Phil and Ph.D. from Yale University. His primary areas of interest are comparative constitutional law, constitutional and judicial politics, and comparative legal traditions and institutions more generally. He has been a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, and at Princeton University's Program in Law and Public Affairs, served as the Jeremiah Smith, Jr. Visiting Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, and has recently been appointed a Global Faculty member at NYU Law School, and a Fellow of NYU's Straus Institute for the Advanced Study of Law and Justice. In 2010, he delivered the Annual Lecture in Law and Society at Oxford University. While at Yale and the University of Toronto he received several other fellowships and awards, including a Fulbright Scholar nomination, Connaught Research Fellowship in the Social Sciences, and a first-ranked nationwide Canada Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) Grant. In recognition of his excellence in research and teaching, he has received the Faculty of Arts & Science Dean's Merit Award for ten consecutive years, and most recently, the Faculty's Outstanding Teaching Award.
Professor Hirschl is the author of Towards Juristocracy: The Origins and Consequences of the New Constitutionalism (Harvard University Press, 2004 & 2007), and Constitutional Theocracy (Harvard University Press, 2010), and is the editor (with Christopher L. Eisgruber), of a special symposium issue of I-CON International Journal of Constitutional Law entitled "North American Constitutionalism". He is the editor of a Cambridge University Press book series on comparative constitutional law & policy.
Professor Hirschl has published extensively on comparative constitutional law and politics in journals such as Law & Social Inquiry, Comparative Politics, Political Theory, American Journal of Comparative Law, Constellations, Human Rights Quarterly, Annual Review of Political Science, International Journal of Constitutional Law, and the Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence, as well as numerous articles in law reviews, including most recently the Cardozo Law Review, William and Mary Law Review, Harvard International Law Journal and the Texas Law Review, and has contributed chapters to edited collections such as The Gender of Constitutional Jurisprudence (Cambridge, 2005); The Migration of Constitutional Ideas (Cambridge, 2006); The Oxford Handbook of Law & Politics (Oxford, 2008); Montesquieu and His Legacy (SUNY, 2009); The Oxford Handbook of Political Science (Oxford, 2009); The Limits of Constitutional Democracy (Princeton, 2010); and Rescuing Human Rights (Oxford, 2010).
Comparative Matters: Legal Studies for the 21st Century
(Harvard University Press, forthcoming in 2011)
(Harvard University Press, 2010)
Towards Juristocracy: The Origins and Consequences of the New Constitutionalism (Harvard University Press, 2004 & 2007).
"North American Constitutionalism"(Ran Hirschl and Christopher L. Eisgruber, eds.) International Journal of Constitutional Law (April 2006) Special 200 pp. symposium issue featuring ten original essays by prominent scholars of constitutional law and politics in Canada, Mexico, and the United States.
"Constitutional Law Meets Comparative Politics: Socio-Economic Rights & Political Realities" The Legal Protection of Human Rights: Sceptical Essays (Tom Campbell and K.D. Ewing, eds.; Oxford University Press, forthcoming in 2011)
"Constitutionalism in a Theocratic World"
The Limits of Constitutional Democracy
(Stephen Macedo and Jeffrey Tulis eds.; Princeton University Press, 2010), pp. 256-279
"The Judicialization of Politics"
The Oxford Handbook of Political Science (Robert E. Goodin, ed.; Oxford University Press, 2009), pp. 253-274
"The Socio-Political Origins of Israel's Juristocracy"
Constellations 16 (2009): 476-492
"The Realist Turn in Comparative Constitutional Politics"
Political Research Quarterly 62 (2009): 825-833
"The New Wall of Separation: Permitting Diversity, Restricting Competition" (with Ayelet Shachar)
Cardozo Law Review 30 (2009): 2535-2560
"The 'Design Sciences' and Constitutional 'Success'"
Texas Law Review 87 (2009): 1339-1374
"Montesquieu and the Renaissance of Comparative Constitutional Law"
Montesquieu and His Legacy
(Rebecca Kingston ed.; SUNY Press, 2009), pp. 199-220
"Constitutional Courts as Bulwarks of Secularism" Courts and Consequences: The Exercise of Judicial Review in Comparative Perspective
(Robert Kagan et al. eds., forthcoming in 2011)
"Comparative Constitutional Law and Religion"
Comparative Constitutional Law
(Tom Ginsburg and Rosalind Dixon eds.; Edward Elgar, forthcoming in 2011)
"The Political Economy of Constitutionalism in a Non-Secularist World" Comparative Constitutional Design
(Tom Ginsburg, ed.; Cambridge University Press, forthcoming in 2011)
"The Judicialization of Politics"
Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics (Keith Whittington et al., eds.; Oxford University Press, 2008), pp. 119-141
"Juristocracy vs. Theocracy?
Constitutional Courts and the Containment of 'Sacred Law'"
Middle East Law & Governance 1/2 (2009): 129-165
"Constitutional Courts and Social Welfare Rights:
The 'Weak Courts, Strong Rights' Argument Re-examined"
Ottawa Law Review 40 (2009): 173-183
"The Judicialization of Mega-Politics and the Rise of Political Courts"
Annual Review of Political Science 11 (2008): 93-118
"Comparative Constitutional Law: Thoughts on Substance and Method"
Indian Journal of Constitutional Law 2 (2008): 11-37
"Comparative Constitutional Law" Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court of the United States
"The Rise of Constitutional Theocracy" Harvard International Law Journal 49 (2008): 72-82
"Courts and Judicial Review" (with Gerald Baier)
The North American Experiment:
Institutions and Policy Making in Canada and the United States
(Paul J. Quirk et al. eds.; Oxford University Press, forhtcoming in 2010)
"The Theocratic Challenge to Constitution Drafting in Post-Conflict States"
William & Mary Law Review 49 (2008): 1179-1211
"Canada's Contribution to the Comparative Study of Rights and Judicial Review"
The Comparative Turn in Canadian Political Science
(Richard Simeon et al. eds.; UBC Press, 2008), pp. 77-98
"Citizenship as Inherited Property" (with Ayelet Shachar)
Political Theory 35 (2007): 253-287
"The Constitution Act, 1982 and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms"
Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World
(Oxford University Press, 2007)
"The New Constitutionalism and the Judicialization of Pure Politics Worldwide"
Fordham Law Review 75 (2006): 721-754
Translated to Portugese and reprinted in Revista de Direito Administrativo 251 (2009): 139-177
"On the Blurred Methodological Matrix of Comparative Constitutional Law"
The Migration of Constitutional Ideas
(Sujit Choudhry ed.; Cambridge University Press, 2006), pp. 39-66
"Prologue: North American Constitutionalism?"
International Journal of Constitutional Law 4 (2006): 203-212
"The Question of Case Selection in Comparative Constitutional Law"
American Journal of Comparative Law 53 (2005): 125-155
"Constitutionalism, Judicial Review, and Progressive Change"
Texas Law Review 84 (2005): 471-507
"Constitutional Transformation, Gender Equality, and Religious/National Conflict
in Israel: Tentative Progress through the Obstacle Course" (with Ayelet Shachar)
The Gender of Constitutional Jurisprudence
(Beverly Baines and Ruth Rubio-Marin eds.; Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 205-229
Assessing the Political Origins of the EU Constitution"
International Journal of Constitutional Law 3 (2005): 269-292
An extended version of the above article appeared in:
Altneuland: The EU Constitution in a Comparative Perspective
Joseph H.H. Weiler and Christopher L. Eisgruber eds.; Jean Monnet Working Paper 5/04
"Constitutional Courts vs. Religious Fundamentalism:
Three Middle Eastern Tales"
Texas Law Review 82 (2004): 1819-1860
"Constitutional Rights Jurisprudence in Canada and the United States:
Substantive Convergence or Enduring Divergence?"
Constitutional Politics in Canada and the United States
(Stephen Newman ed.; SUNY Press, 2004), pp. 63-88
"'Juristocracy' - Political, not Juridical"
The Good Society 14 (2004): 6-11
"The Political Origins of the New Constitutionalism"
Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 11 (2004): 71-108
"Repositioning the Judicialization of Politics: Bush v. Gore as a Global Trend"
Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 15 (2002): 191-218
"Beyond the American Experience: The Global Expansion of Judicial Review"
Marbury v. Madison: Documents and Commentary
(Mark Graber ed.; Congressional Quarterly Press, 2002), pp. 129-153
"The Political Origins of Judicial Empowerment through Constitutionalization:
Lessons from Israel's Constitutional Revolution"
Comparative Politics 32 (2001): 315-336
"Civil Society v. The State of Israel: Two Conceptions of Civil Society
and the Israeli Supreme Court's Constitutional Jurisprudence"
Israel: From Mobilized to Civil Society?
(Yoav Peled and Adi Ophir eds.; Van Leer Institute, 2001), pp. 305-336
"Negative Rights vs. Positive Entitlements: A Comparative Study of Judicial
Interpretations of Rights in an Emerging Neo-Liberal Economic Order"
Human Rights Quarterly 22 (2000): 1060-1098
"The Political Origins of Judicial Empowerment through the
Constitutionalization of Rights: Lessons from Four Polities"
Law & Social Inquiry 25 (2000): 91-149
Excerpt reprinted in: The Democracy Sourcebook
(Robert Dahl and Ian Shapiro eds.; MIT Press, 2004), pp. 232-245
"The Great Economic-Juridical Shift: The Legal Arena and the
Transformation of Israel's Economic Order"
The New Israel: Peacemaking & Liberalization
(Gershon Shafir ed.; Westview Press, 2000), pp. 189-215
"Looking Sideways, Looking Backwards, Looking Forwards:
Judicial Review vs. Democracy in Comparative Perspective"
University of Richmond Law Review 34 (2000): 415-441
"The Struggle for Hegemony: Explaining the Expansion of Judicial Power
through the Constitutionalization of Rights in Culturally-Divided Polities"
Stanford Journal of International Law 36 (2000): 73-118
"The Judicial Interpretation of Entrenched Civil Liberties
in an Emerging Neo-Liberal Economic Order"
American Journal of Comparative Law 46 (1998): 427-452
"The 'Constitutional Revolution' and the Emergence
of a New Economic Order in Israel"
Israel Studies 2 (1997): 136-155