Ayelet Shachar, University of Toronto School of Law

The New Gates of Admission: On Citizenship, States, and Markets

Mon, 12/08/2014
301 Marx Hall
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Please join us for a LAPA Seminar with Ayelet Shachar, Professor of Law and Political Science at the University of Toronto, who will present "The New Gates of Admission: On Citizenship, States, and Markets."  The commentator is Stephen Macedo, Laurance S. Rockefeller Professor of Politics and the University Center for Human Values.

Abstract:  "The bulk of academic debate has understandably focused on the restrictive turn witnessed in recent years with respect to ordinary immigration and naturalization applicants, such as those who enter on the basis a family reunification claim or for humanitarian reasons. I will argue, however, that equally important lessons about the current state of citizenship can be learned by examining who is given the red-carpet treatment, and on what basis. At stake is the regulation of the most important and sensitive decision that any political community faces: how to define who belongs, or ought to belong, within its circle of members. Increasingly, those who can pay up a hefty sum are those who gain priority. Citizenship-by-investment programs, which I explore in this paper, are based on the transfer of capital—in large quantities—without necessarily requiring that the migrant millionaire ever set foot in the recipient country. I will chart and explain these puzzling developments, before turning to address the core ethical and legal challenges they raise."

Ayelet Shachar is Professor of Law and Political Science, and holder of the Canada Research Chair in Citizenship and Multiculturalism at the University of Toronto. She is the author of Multicultural Jurisdictions: Cultural Differences and Women’s Rights (Cambridge University Press, 2001)—winner of the APSA Foundations of Political Theory Best First Book Award, The Birthright Lottery: Citizenship and Global Inequality (Harvard University Press, 2009)—named 2010 International Ethics Notable Book in recognition of its “superior scholarship and contribution to the field of international ethics,” as well as over seventy (70) articles and book chapters on citizenship theory, immigration law, multiculturalism and women’s rights, published in venues such as Journal of Political Philosophy, Political Theory, and Yale Law Journal. Her new book, Olympic Citizenship: Migration and the Global Race for Talent, will be published by Oxford University Press. Shachar is the recipient of excellence awards in three different countries, the most recent of which was awarded to her by the Migration & Citizenship Section of the American Political Science Association. Her work has also proven influential in actual public policy and legislative debates. It has been cited, for example, by England’s Archbishop of Canterbury and the Supreme Court of Canada. In 2014, she was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.

Stephen Macedo writes and teaches on political theory, ethics, public policy, and law, especially on topics related to liberalism, democracy and citizenship, diversity and civic education, religion and politics, and the family and sexuality. His current research concerns immigration and social justice, constitutional democracy in the US, and democracy and international institutions. From 2001-2009, he was director of the University Center for Human Values. As founding director of Princeton’s Program in Law and Public Affairs (1999-2001), he chaired the Princeton Project on Universal Jurisdiction, helped formulate the Princeton Principles on Universal Jurisdiction, and edited Universal Jurisdiction: International Courts and the Prosecution of Serious Crimes Under International Law (2004). As vice president of the American Political Science Association, he was first chair of its standing committee on Civic Education and Engagement and principal co-author ofDemocracy at Risk: How Political Choices Undermine Citizen Participation, and What We Can Do About It (2005). His other books include Diversity and Distrust: Civic Education in a Multicultural Democracy (2000); and Liberal Virtues: Citizenship, Virtue, and Community in Liberal Constitutionalism (1990). He is co-author and co-editor of American Constitutional Interpretation, with W. F. Murphy, J. E. Fleming, and S. A. Barber (2008).