Please join us on Wednesday, April 18, when Salla Garsky, Visiting Ph.D. Student, WWS/LAPA and International Relations, University of Helsinki will present "The Stragglers: State Agendas of Late Ratifiers to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court."
Abstract: "The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) was adopted in 1998 and Senegal was the first state to ratify it in February 1999. The following years were the booming time of ratifications as altogether 87 states joined the ICC. Since 2003 only 33 more states have ratified the Rome Statute. My dissertation project concentrates on stragglers – states that joined the ICC after 2003. I want to find out what explains 'late' ratification of the Rome Statute.
The ratification of human rights treaties and the Rome Statute have been explained so far with bottom-up theories, which emphasize domestic preferences in the ratification decision. My dissertation, however, aims to show that also external factors, namely powerful states, can influence states' decision to join the ICC. While European countries and the EU have globally promoted the ratification of the Rome Statute, the US under the George W. Bush government ferociously tried to demote the ICC. Around the same time when the US launched its global campaign against the ICC, the ratification rate started to decline. After the Obama administration came into power, the US has adopted a friendly and cooperative policy towards the ICC and, interestingly, in the last two years ten states have joined the ICC. The academic literature has not addressed yet the question whether some states have joined the ICC because of the EU's encouragement or have refrained from ratifying the Rome Statute because of the US's demotion of the ICC. In my dissertation I examine the effects of the US and the EU influence on states' decisions to join the ICC."
LEGS, or "Law-Engaged Graduate Students," meets during the academic year to discuss a work in progress by one of our Graduate Associates. Academic papers, dissertation proposals, and dissertation chapters have been presented at these meetings, to an audience of fellow graduate students.